Information and communication technologies in the era of the smart industry development: problems of definition and conditions of development

Oksana N. Garkushenko


Approximately from 2010-2011 in the advanced economies of the world (from the standpoint of economic and technological development) there is a discussion on the need of transition to a new technological mode, known as "Industry 4.0" or "smart industry". This new mode implies a shift to consumer-oriented production based on cyberphysical systems, the widespread use of the Internet of things, the Industrial Internet of Things and Information and Communication Technologies (ICT).The above terms are relatively new, their interrelation and interdependence in different sources have different meaning, which makes it difficult to conduct an analysis of these phenomena, their cross-country comparison and perception by economic agents. This could adversely affect the development of state concepts and programs, aimed at transferring the country's economy to a new technological mode.Given this ambiguity in the interpretation of terminology, an in-depth study of ICT essence at the present stage of their development, their relationship with Internet of Things, Industrial Internet of Things, cyberphysical systems, as well as conditions, under which ICT development in countries of the world is stimulated, was conducted. For its disclosure, the paper uses etymological and semantic analysis, the method of comparison, elements of the historical approach in defining the essence of ICT concepts, the ICT sector, the ICT infrastructure, synthesis, induction and deduction methods in identifying conditions, conducive to the further development of ICT.As a result of the study, an author's definition of the term "ICT" was offered, the concepts of ICT sector and ICT infrastructure were refined. It was found that ICT alone does not solve economic and social problems, but can be a highly effective tool for mitigating them in the presence of a developed ICT infrastructure and a sustained economic and political situation in the country.Also the paper briefly describes the state of ICT in Ukraine in comparison with the leading countries in this sector and suggests some general recommendations for improving the situation.



information and communication technologies, Internet, industry, services, infrastructure, institute of intellectual property rights, state regulation

Full Text:



Accenture Strategy (2015). #Smarter2030: ICT Solutions for 21st Century Challenges. 134 p. Global e-Sustainability Initiative (GeSI).

Asian Development Bank. Information and communication technology for development: ADB experiences. Mandaluyong City, Philippines: Asian Development Bank, 2010.

Aulakh, G. (2014, May 1). Trai suggests 8% of yearly revenue as license fee for Internet providers; may push up rates. The Economic Times. Retrieved from

Baheti, R. & Gill, H. Cyber-phisical Systems. In T. Samad & A. M. Annaswamy (Eds.). (1st ed.). The Impact of Control Technology. NY: IEEE Control Systems Society, 2011. Retrieved from

Chittilapally, J. (2017, December 22) Energy in India. The time has come to alter the energy balance, but at what cost. Lifegate. Retrieved from:

Technopedia (2017). Definition - What does Information and Communications Technology (ICT) mean? Technopedia. Retrieved from

Definition of ‘ICT’. Collins Dictionary. Retrieved from

ICT. Cambridge Dictionary. Retrieved from

Institute for Energy Economics and Financial Analysis (2018, January). China 2017 Review: World’s second biggest economy continues to drive global trends in energy investment. 50 p. IEEFA. Retrieved from:

Kaino, L. M. (2008). Information and Communication Technology (ICT) developments, utilization and challenges in ICMI history. Symposium on the Occasion of the 100th Anniversary of ICMI. Rome. pp. 5-8.

Kniaziev, S. I. (2017). Development of smart industry as an efficient way to implement the policy of neoindustrialization in the world. Econ. promisl., 4 (80), pp. 5-18. doi:

Kundishora, S. (2014). M. The role of information and communication technology (ICT) in enhancing local economic development and poverty The World Bank. URL:

Mickoleit, A. (2010, September). Greener and Smarter: ICTs, the Environment and Climate Change. Paris: OECD publishing, 54 p. doi:

Murray, J. (2011, December 18). Cloud network architecture and ICT

World economic forum (2017). Networked readiness index 2016. World economic forum. Retrieved from

OECD (2002), Measuring the Information Economy 2002. Paris, France: OECD Publishing. 100 p. doi:

OECD (2015). Taxing energy use 2015: OECD and selected partner economies. Paris: OECD Publishing. 150 p. doi

Suoronta, J. (2004). Youth and information and communication technologies. In United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs. World youth report 2003: the global situation of young people. Retrieved from

Intel (2014).The Internet of Things and Energy & Environment Policy Principles. Intel. Intel. Retrieved from

The World bank (2017, January 7). New country classifications by income level: 2017-2018. The World bank. Retrieved from:

The World Bank (2018). World Bank Country and Lending Groups. The World bank.Retrieved from:

The World bank (2017, June). World Bank Country and Lending Groups. The World bank. Retrieved from:

Tongia, R., Subrahmanian, E. & Arunachalam, V. S. (2005). Information and communications technology for sustainable development: Defining a global research agenda. Bangalore, India: Allied Publishers. 545 p.

United Nation Conference on trade and development (2017, October 23). Information Economy Report 2017: Digitalization, Trade and Development. 130 p. UNCTAD. Retrieved from:

United Nation Statistics Division. ISIC Rev. 3. Detailed structure and explanatory notes. UNSTATS. Retrieved from

Wolf, W. (2009). Cyber-physical systems. Computer, 3(42), рp. 88-89. doi: 10.1109/MC.2009.81

Vershinskaya, O. N., Volynskij, Yu. D., Ershova, T. V., Krivoshein, N. V., Mendkovich, A. S., Moiseeva, M. V., Nehaev, S. A., Smolyan, G. L. et al. (2009). Glossary on the Information Society. Yu. E.Hohlov (Ed.). Moskow: Institute of the Information Society. [in Russian].

Vishnevsky, V. P. & Kniaziev, S. I. (2017). Smart Industry: Prospects and Challenges. Economy of Ukraine, 7(660), рр. 22-37 [in Russian].

Vishnevsky, V. P., Viietska, O. V., Harkushenko, O. M., Kniaziev, S. I., Liakh, O. V., Chekina, V. D., & Cherevatskyi D. Yu. (2018). Smart industry in the era of digital economy: prospects, directions and mechanisms of development. V.P. Vishnevsky (Ed.). Kiev: NAS of Ukraine, Institute of Industrial Economics [in Ukrainian].

Golichenko, O. (2017). State policy and failures of the national innovation system. Voprosy Ekonomiki, 2, рp. 97-108 [in Russian].

State statistics service of Ukraine (2017). Statistical information. State statistics service of Ukraine. Retrieved from [in Ukrainian].

The State Committee of Ukraine for Technical Regulation and Consumer Policy (2010, November 29). National Classifier of Ukraine. Classification of types of economic activity SK 009:2010. State Regulatory Service of Ukraine. Retrieved from [in Ukrainian].

Verkhovna Rada Ukrainy (2007). Law of Ukraine: On the Basic Principles of the Information Society Development in Ukraine for 2007-2015 of Jan. 9, № 537-V. Vidomosti Verkhovnoi Rady Ukrainy, 12, art. 102 [in Ukrainian].

Badarch Dendev (Ed.). (2013). Information and communication technologies in education. Moskow: IITE UNESCO. [in Russian].

The Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine (2013). The Order On Approval of the Strategy for the Development of the Information Society in Ukraine of May 15. № 386-р. Ofitsiinyi visnyk Ukrainy, 44, pp. 79 [in Ukrainian].

b2b-ray (2016). People are the bottleneck in Industry 4.0. b2b-ray. Retrieved from [in Russian].

Ozhegov, S. I. & Shvedova, N. Yu. (2001). Definition dictionary of the Russian language (4th ed.). Moskow: Azbukovnik [in Russian].

State statistics service of Ukraine (2016). Statistical Yearbook of Ukraine for year 2015. Kiev: State statistics service of Ukraine. [in Ukrainian].

State statistics service of Ukraine (2017). Statistical Yearbook of Ukraine for year 2016. Kiev: State statistics service of Ukraine. [in Ukrainian].

Fominykh, N. Yu. (2010). Information and communication technologies in the teaching of philological disciplines: Educational and methodical manual. Sevastopol: Ribest. [in Ukrainian].

The Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine (2018). The Order On Approval of the Concept of the Development of the Digital Economy and Society of Ukraine for 2018-2020 and approval of the Plan of Measures for its Implementation" of January 17. № 67-р. Ofitsiinyi visnyk Ukrainy, 16, рр. 70 [in Ukrainian].



  • There are currently no refbacks.