Identification of the energy security level of Ukraine from the standpoint of sustainable development

Yuri M. Kharazishvili


A study was conducted of approaches for defining the level of energy security at the national level in the context of economic and energy characteristics and the possibility of fulfilling energy needs of Ukrainian own energy sources and protected imports. This, in turn, depends on the efficiency of use and environmental suitability of primary energy resources, the availability of own energy carriers and the safety of their import. Energy security is considered as a component of environmental security in the system of sustainable development of Ukraine.A draft of economic, energy and resource indicators of energy security is proposed taking into account shadow energy consumption, without which safety assessments will be inadequate. For all indicators boundaries of safe existence were presented - the vector of threshold values: the upper and lower optimal ("homeostatic plateau"), threshold and critical (for deeper studies). As a criterion for achieving the level of sustainable development, the average value of the "homeostatic plateau" is proposed, within which there is a negative feedback and the best conditions for the functioning of the system from the point of view of stability. Threshold values are determined taking into account the experience of economically developed countries by the “t-criterion” method by constructing probability density functions, calculating statistical characteristics(mathematical expectation, standard deviation and asymmetry coefficient). In doing so it become possible to single out characteristic types of distribution (normal, lognormal, exponential) from the entire variety of indicators, for which a formalized definition of the vector of threshold values is proposed.The level of energy security has been identified according to the modern methodology of integrated assessment, which involves comparing integrated indices with integrated threshold values and identifying the most influential threats. For integral convolution, the multiplicative form of the integral index is used, a modified normalization method with the determination of dynamic weighting coefficients by a combination of methods of "principal components" and "moving matrix". The main threats are identified by the remoteness of integral indices and indicators from the point of sustainable development, as well as the significance of their influence on the level of energy security by defining elasticity coefficients.The proposed approach is universal and can be used for different countries, regions, types of economic activity or enterprises to identify the level of security in order to further develop scientifically based scenarios of sustainable development for the medium and long run, using adaptive regulation methods from management theory.


energy security; sustainable development; identification; integrated index; indicators; threshold values; threats

Full Text:



Sustainable development of Ukrainian regions (2009). In M. S. Zgurovsky (Ed.). Kyiv: NTUU "KPI" [in Ukrainian].

Kharazishvili, Yu.M. (2019). Systemic security of sustainable development: evaluation tools, reserves and strategic scenarios of implementation. Kyiv: NAS of Ukraine, Institute of Industrial Economics [in Ukrainian].

Lelyuk, O.V. (2013). Theory and practice of energy security assessment of the country. Modeling the regional economy, 1, pp. 239-260 [in Ukrainian].

Energy Trilemma Index. Retrieved from

Measuring Short-Term Energy Security. International Energy Agency. Retrieved from

International Energy Security Risk Index. Global Energy Institute. Retrieved from

Developing an Energy Security Index Development of an Energy Security Index and an Assessment of Energy Security for East Asian Countries (2011). Quantitative Assessment of Energy Security Working Group. ERIA Research Project Report. Jakarta: ERIA. pp. 7-47. Retrieved from

Voropay, N.I., & Sendrov, S.M. (2011). Energy security: the essence, main problems, methods and results of research. Open seminar "Economic problems of the energy complex. Moskow: Institute of National Economic Forecasting of the Russian Academy of Sciences. Retrieved from [in Russian].

World Energy Trilemma Index (2015). Benchmarking the sustainability of national energy systems. Retrieved from

World Energy Trilemma Index (2017). Retrieved from

Silver, E.V. (2016). Problems of Energy Security Assessment in Ukraine. Odesa National University Herald, Vol. 21(3), pp. 213-217 [in Ukrainian].

Zemlyanyi, M.G. (2009). To the assessment of the level of energy security. Conceptual approaches. Retrieved from [in Ukrainian].

Bobrov, E.A. (2013). State Energy Security. Kyiv: KROK University of Economics and Law [in Ukrainian].

Prokip, A.V. (2011). Guaranteeing energy security: past, present, future. Lviv: Western Ukrainian Consulting Center [in Ukrainian].

Smenkovsky, A.Y., Vorontsov, S.B., Begun, S.V., & Sidorenko, A.A. (2012). Threats to Ukraine's energy security under conditions of increased competition in global and regional markets for energy resources: An analytical report. Kyiv: National Institute for Strategic Studies. Retrieved from [in Ukrainian].

Ministry of Economic Development and Trade of Ukraine (2007). Methods of calculating the level of economic and economic security of Ukraine: Order of the Ministry of Economy of Ukraine of March 02 No. 60. Retrieved from [in Ukrainian].

Suhodolya, O.M. (2014). Theoretical and methodological principles of ensuring energy security of Ukraine. Strategic priorities, 2. pp. 129-139 [in Ukrainian].

Guidelines for calculating the level of economic security of Ukraine (2013). Retrieved from [in Ukrainian].

Corcoran, E. (1991). Coal cleaning. In the world of science, 7, pp. 66-79 [in Russian].

Kudryavtseva, O.V. (2008). Ecological efficiency at the macro level: resource flows, model of inter-branch balance and water export in the Russian economy. Economics and Mathematical Methods, 44 (4), pp. 39-48 [in Russian].

Schmidt-Bleek, F. (2008). Fututry Beyond Climatic Change. Retrieved from

Economic problems of ferrous metallurgy of Ukraine (2005). In S.S. Aptekar & O.I. Amosha (Eds). Donetsk: Donetsk National University of Economics and Trade [in Ukrainian].

Chernosenko, O.Yu. (2014). The state of energy of Ukraine and the results of modernization of TPP units. Problems of general energy, 4 (39). pp. 20-28 [in Ukrainian].

EES EAEC: Technical and Economic Indicators. Retrieved from [in Russian].

Kharazishvili, Yu.M. (2017). The Light and Shadow of the Ukrainian Economy: Reserves of Growth and Modernization. Ukraine economy, 4 (665). pp. 22-45 [in Ukrainian].

Amosha, O.I, Starichenko, L.L., & Cherevsky, D.Yu. (2013). Formation and implementation of the state policy on the coal industry, taking into account the integration of Ukraine into the world economy. Donetsk: Institute of Industrial Economics of the NAS of Ukraine [in Ukrainian].

Statistical Review of World Energy. Retrieved from

WITS (World Integrated Trade Solution). Retrieved from

Kachinsky, A.B. (2006). Basics of system security analysis of complex systems. Kyiv: Euro-Atlantic Inform Center [in Ukrainian].

Van Gig, J. (1981). Applied General Theory of Systems: in 2 volumes. Vol. 2. Moskow: Mir [in Russian].

Paniotto, V.I., Maksimenko, V.S., & Marchenko, N.M. (2004). Statistical analysis of sociological data. Kuiv: KM Academy [in Ukrainian].

Grishnova, O.A, & Kharazishvili Yu.M. (2019). Demographic Security of Ukraine: Indicators, Levels, Threats. Demography and the Social Economy, 2 (36). pp. 65-80. doi: [in Ukrainian].

Kharazishvili Y.M., Sukhorukov, A.I., & Krupelnitskaya, T.P. (2013). On improving the methodology of integrated assessment of the level of economic security of Ukraine: Analytical note. Kyiv: National Institute for Strategic Studies. Retrieved from [in Ukrainian].



  • There are currently no refbacks.