Innovation activity in industrial regions of Ukraine: current status, trends and challenges

Anatolii I. Zemliankin, Iryna Yu. Pidorycheva

Abstract


At present innovations are firmly recognized as one of the main sources of sustainable economic growth for developed and emerging economies. In the countries which have undergone significant economic shocks the stimulation of the latent innovation potential is seen as a possible catalyst for economic recovery. That is why the further study of the problems of innovation, their effective commercialization and dissemination in the economy is an urgent problem. Innovation processes are extremely important for industrial regions because of the necessity of solving the strategic tasks connected with updating of technical and technological base of the industry and increase in scales of production of finished end products - knowledge-intensive, with a high share of a value added. The article is devoted to the analysis of the conditions and trends of innovation activity in the industrial regions of Ukraine. We used the latest available data provided by the State Statistics Service of Ukraine and the Department of Statistics in the respective regions. The analysis indicated that the level of innovation activity, the volume of sales of innovative products and the structure of the general innovation expenditures in the industrial regions vary greatly. It is primarily caused by their different branch specialization, share of industry in the gross regional product and features of the industrial structure. Since 2011, by the indicator of a share of the innovative industrial enterprises in their general quantity the leading positions among other industrial regions are held by the Zaporozhye area (22,9% as of 2014). At the same time such high rate for Ukraine in general (average value across Ukraine makes 16,1%) much less similar indicator of the leading industrial countries. It is explained by the different reasons and, first of all, low level of the economic competition, poor quality of the institutional environment, low knowledge intensity of traditional industries. Disclosure of the regional innovation potential, strengthening of innovation demand of the industrial enterprises is a long-term and difficult process which requires more focused integrated efforts at the state and regional levels. It demands formation of the competitive market environment including attraction of direct foreign investments that will force business to invest in innovations, to refuse of outdated production technologies, to increase quality of production and promote fuller use of the available capacity of regions.

Keywords


innovation activity; innovation potential; industrial region; industrial enterprise; crisis

Full Text:

PDF

References


United Nations Industrial Development Organization (2003). Strategies for regional innovation systems: learning transfer and applications. Retrieved from http://www.unido.org/fileadmin/user_media/Publications/Pub_free/Strategies_for_regional_innovation_systems.pdf.

Asheim, B. & Isaksen, A. (1996). Location, agglomeration and innovation: towards regional innovation system in Norvey? Oslo: STEP group. Retrieved from http://www.nifu.no/files/2012/11/STEPrapport13-1996.pdf.

Andersson, M. & Karlsson, C. (2004, August). Regional Innovation Systems in Small & Medium-Sized Regions: A Critical Review & Assessment. Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies, Royal Institute of Technology. Retrieved from https://static.sys.kth.se/itm/wp/cesis/cesiswp10.pdf.

Doloreux, D. & Parto, S. (2004, August). Regional Innovation Systems: A Critical Synthesis. Retrieved from http://www.intech.unu.edu/publications/discussion-papers/2004-17.pdf.

Solovyov, V. P., Korenyako, G. I. & Golovatiuk, V. M. (2008). Innovative development of regions: theory and practice. Kyiv, Feniks [in Ukrainian].

Fedulova, L. I. (2013). Regional innovation system of Ukraine: state formation and development in the context of integration processes. Kyiv, Institute for economics and forecasting NAS of Ukraine [in Ukrainian].

Vyshnevskyi, V. P. (Ed.), Amosha, O. I., Zbarazska, L. O. et al. (2014). Industry and industrial policy of Ukraine in 2013: current trends, challenges, opportunities. Donetsk, Institute of Industrial Economics of NAS of Ukraine [in Ukrainian].

Amosha, O. I., Zemlyankin, A. I. & Pidorycheva, I. Yu. (2012). Integration of science, education and production as the strategic direction of formation of innovative economy. Prometei, 3, 56-67 [in Ukrainian].

Pidorycheva, I. Yu. (2014). Financial ensuring and organizational-economic support of innovative processes in economy of Ukraine. Ekonomichnyi visnyk Donbasu, 3(37), 154-170 [in Ukrainian].

State Statistics Service of Ukraine (2015). The implementation of scientific and technical work in 2014: Express-issue No. 109/0/05.3вн-15 from 20.04.2015. Retrieved from http://www.ukrstat.gov.ua/ [in Ukrainian].

State Statistics Service of Ukraine (2015). Socio-economic development of Ukraine for January-March 2015 (excluding the temporarily occupied territory of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, city of Sevastopol, during 2014 (annual data) and 2015 is also without a part of the zone of the antiterrorist operation). Retrieved from http://www.ukrstat.gov.ua/ [in Ukrainian].

State Statistics Service of Ukraine (2015). Socio-economic development of Ukraine for January 2015 (excluding the temporarily occupied territory of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, city of Sevastopol, during 2014 (annual data) and 2015 is also without a part of the zone of the antiterrorist operation). Retrieved from http://www.ukrstat.gov.ua/ [in Ukrainian].

The World Bank. High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Retrieved from http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/TX.VAL.TECH.MF.ZS.

Geets, V. M., Danylenko, A. I., Libanova, E. M., Grytsenko, A. A., Makarova, H. V., Kyzym, M. O., Yegorov, I. Yu & Odotiuk, I. V. (Eds.). Innovative Ukraine 2020: national report. Kyiv, NAS of Ukraine.

State Statistics Service of Ukraine (2015). Innovative activity of industrial enterprises in 2014: Express-issue No. 97/0/05.3вн-15 from 14.04.2015. Retrieved from http://www.ukrstat.gov.ua/ [in Ukrainian].

Eurostat (2014) Enterprises by type of innovation. Retrieved from http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/submitViewTableAction.do;jsessionid=czFSId1DzSZzW48C1NzqbvnV0bnDQDcUg5fPZ3CLGdM4MS7nW4!1861904990.

State Statistics Service of Ukraine (2014). Research and Innovation in Ukraine. Kyiv, Information and Publishing Center State Statistics Service of Ukraine [in Ukrainian].

State Statistics Service of Ukraine (2012). Research and Innovation in Ukraine. Kyiv, Information and Publishing Center State Statistics Service of Ukraine [in Ukrainian].

State Statistics Service of Ukraine (2013). Research and Innovation in Ukraine. Kyiv, Information and Publishing Center State Statistics Service of Ukraine [in Ukrainian].

State Statistics Service of Ukraine (2011). Research and Innovation in Ukraine. Kyiv, Information and Publishing Center State Statistics Service of Ukraine [in Ukrainian].

State Statistics Service of Ukraine (2014). Innovation activity of industrial enterprises in 2013: rapid release No.131/0/05.3vn-14 on 14/04/2014. Retrieved from http://www.ukrstat.gov.ua/ [in Ukrainian].

Main Departament of Statistics in Dnipropetrovsk region. Introduction of innovations at industrial enterprises. Retrieved from http://www.dneprstat.gov.ua [in Ukrainian].

Main Departament of Statistics in Zaporizhzhia region. Introduction of innovations at industrial enterprises. Retrieved from http://www.zp.ukrstat.gov.ua [in Ukrainian].

Main Departament of Statistics in Donetsk region. Introduction of innovations at industrial enterprises. Retrieved from http://donetskstat.gov.ua [in Ukrainian].

Main Departament of Statistics in Lugansk region. Introduction of innovations at industrial enterprises. Retrieved from http://www.lugastat.lg.ua [in Ukrainian].

Main Departament of Statistics in Dnipropetrovsk region. Innovation activity of industrial enterprises. Retrieved from http://www.dneprstat.gov.ua [in Ukrainian].

Main Departament of Statistics in Zaporizhzhia region. Innovation activity of industrial enterprises. Retrieved from http://www.zp.ukrstat.gov.ua/ target="_blank">http://www.zp.ukrstat.gov.ua/ [in Ukrainian].

Main Departament of Statistics in Donetsk region. Innovation activity of industrial enterprises. Retrieved from http://donetskstat.gov.ua [in Ukrainian].

Main Departament of Statistics in Lugansk region. Innovation activity of industrial enterprises. Retrieved from http://www.lugastat.lg.ua/ target="_blank">http://www.lugastat.lg.ua/ [in Ukrainian].

United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (2013). Innovation performance review of Ukraine. New York and Geneva.

Main Departament of Statistics in Dnipropetrovsk region. Sources of financing innovation. Retrieved from http://www.dneprstat.gov.ua/ target="_blank">http://www.dneprstat.gov.ua/ [in Ukrainian].

Main Departament of Statistics in Zaporizhzhia region. Sources of financing innovation. Retrieved from http://www.zp.ukrstat.gov.ua/ target="_blank">http://www.zp.ukrstat.gov.ua/ [in Ukrainian].

Main Departament of Statistics in Donetsk region Sources of financing innovation. Retrieved from http://donetskstat.gov.ua/ target="_blank">http://donetskstat.gov.ua/ [in Ukrainian].

Main Departament of Statistics in Lugansk region. Sources of financing innovation. Retrieved from http://www.lugastat.lg.ua/ target="_blank">http://www.lugastat.lg.ua/ [in Ukrainian].

The World Bank (2015). World Development Indicators 2015: Structure of demand. Retrieved from http://wdi.worldbank.org/table/4.8.

State Statistics Service of Ukraine (2013). Capital investments in Ukraine in January-March 2013: Express-issue No. 107/0/03.4вн-13 of 24.02.2014. Retrived from http://www.ukrstat.gov.ua/[in target="_blank">http://www.ukrstat.gov.ua/[in Ukrainian].

State Statistics Service of Ukraine (2015). Gross regional product for 2013: Express-issue No. 49/0/02.5вн-15 from 30.03.2015. Retrieved from http://www.ukrstat.gov.ua/[in target="_blank">http://www.ukrstat.gov.ua/ [in Ukrainian].

State Statistics Service of Ukraine (2015). Capital investments in Ukraine in January-March 2015: Express-issue No. 241/0/03.4вн-15 of 26.05.2015. Retrieved from http://www.ukrstat.gov.ua/[in target="_blank">http://www.ukrstat.gov.ua/ [in Ukrainian].

State Statistics Service of Ukraine (2014). Capital investments in Ukraine in January-March 2014: Express-issue No. 270/0/03.4вн-14 of 26.05.2014. Retrieved from http://www.ukrstat.gov.ua/[in target="_blank">http://www.ukrstat.gov.ua/ [in Ukrainian].




DOI: https://doi.org/10.15407/econindustry2015.02.005

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.